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Counselling and Therapy

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Counselling and therapy can be helpful for dealing with a wide variety of issues (e.g. stress and coping, relationship problems) and mental health conditions (e.g. depression, anxiety, etc.)

You may also be interested in the following subheadings:

1. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)

ACT is a type of therapy that helps people by using  acceptance and mindfulness, along with commitment and behaviour-change strategies.

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)
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2. Animal and Pet Therapy

Animal-assisted and pet therapy are types of therapy that use animals trained to provide affection and comfort to people in a variety of places including hospitals, retirement or nursing homes, mental health facilities and schools.

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Animal and Pet Therapy
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3. Art Therapy

Art therapy is a way of helping people through art, and is provided by accredited art therapists. Painting, drawing and sculpting are common ways that help people to express themselves and heal. Unlike traditional art, the focus is on the process of creating the artwork rather than the final product.

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Art Therapy
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4. Attachment Therapies

Attachment therapies focus on strengthening the attachment or relationships between a child and parent, or child and adult caregivers.

Publicly Funded / Free Services

Worldwide body that promotes Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy (DDP) and supports professionals, parents and caregivers in finding out about the therapy and ... more
417 Reigerts Lane, Annville, PA, 17003 Map
717-867-8335 x201
Area Served: World
All ages
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4.1 Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy (DDP)

DDP is a therapy and parenting approach that uses what we know about attachment and trauma to help children and families with their relationships. When a child has experienced stresses such as trauma, this can lead the child to become disconnected from the important people in the child's life, and experience problems such as depression, anxiety and behaviour problems. DDP offers a powerful way to reconnect children to the people that are important, thus improving their relationships as well as problems with depression, anxiety and behaviours. 

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Dyadic Developmental Psychotherapy (DDP)
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5. Behavioural therapies (including ABA and IBI)

Behavioural therapies uses different strategies to help a person learn life skills and more positive behaviours such as communication and social skills. Examples include therapies used in autism such as Applied Behaviour Analysis (ABA) and Intensive Behavioural Intervention (IBI).

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Behavioural therapies (including ABA and IBI)
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6. Brainspotting (BSP)

Brainspotting (BSP) is relatively newer type of psychological treatment developed to help people with stress, anxiety and trauma. In many people, standard talking therapies are not effective, perhaps because their logical and emotional brains are overwhelmed by the stress and trauma. In brainspotting, the target is the survival (‘subcortical’) brain, with the use of focused mindfulness and specific eye movements. This allows painful, distressing memories to be processed so that they are no longer distressing, allowing people to heal from past traumatic experiences.


Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Brainspotting (BSP)
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7. Coaching

Coaching is the process whereby a coach teaches and directs another person via encouragement and advice. The coach provides an individual with feedback, insight and guidance on achieving their full potential in their business or personal life. Coaches usually first help by defining goals, and then supports the client in working out a strategy to reach those goals, and helps the client stay on track.


Compared to counselling, coaching generally has a narrower focus; focuses on performance rather than underlying root causes; tends to be shorter-term; does not seek to improve underlying psychological problems; focuses on improvement on function in already well-functioning individuals.


Coaching is generally more suitable for individuals who are well-functioning to begin with, whereas counselling/therapy would be recommended for individuals who are more distressed.

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Coaching
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8. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) is a type of therapy for numerous conditions such as depression and anxiety. CBT helps individuals by looking at negative thoughts and behaviour patterns, and changing those into more helpful coping thoughts and behaviours. CBT can be delivered by any health professional who has had adequate training in CBT, such as psychologists, registered psychotherapists, social workers and physicians including psychiatrists. 

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)
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9. Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT)

Dialectical behavior therapy (DBT) is a comprehensive cognitive-behavioral treatment for complex, difficult-to-treat mental conditions, such as borderline personality disorder (BPD). DBT combines elements of cognitive behaviour therapy along with Eastern mindfulness practices.

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT)
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10. Drama Therapy

Drama therapy (or the related term psychodrama) is a way of helping others by using drama or theater processes, and is given by an accredited drama therapist.

Drama gives participants an opportunity to tell their stories, set goals, solve problems, express feelings, resulting in behaviour change, skill-building and emotional growth.

Publicly Funded / Free Services

The (American) National Association for Drama Therapy is a non-profit association that establishes and upholds standards for drama therapists, and promotes and ... more
15 Post Side Lane, Pittsford, ON, 14534 Map
Area Served: World
All ages
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11. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)

Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) is a medical treatment most commonly used for patients with severe major depression or bipolar disorder that has not responded to other treatments. It involves a brief electrical stimulation of the brain while the patient is under anesthesia. ECT can be life saving when other treatments have been tried without success.


Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
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12. Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT)

EFT is a short term (8-20 sessions), structured approach to therapy formulated in the early 80's by Drs. Sue Johnson and Les Greenberg, shown effective for couples and families. EFT helps couples overcome negative patterns in communication by teaching them how to communicate underlying feelings and emotional needs.

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT)
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13. E-Therapy Websites and Online Therapy Websites

Websites that provide online therapy, and which are automated and NOT delivered by an actual human being.


Examples include online CBT websites that teach CBT online. 


Because there are so many websites that provide internet delivered therapy, we are not able to list all the websites out there, but rather focus on websites which are publicly funded, freely available and supported by evidence.

Publicly Funded / Free Services

Moodgym is an online self-help program designed to help users prevent and manage symptoms of depression and anxiety. It is like an interactive, online ... more
ON, Australia
Area Served: World
All ages
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Thrive creates evidence based apps to pro-actively help with your mind, whether it be phobia, stress or anxiety. Endorsed by the National Health Service (NHS) and Anxiety UK. more
United Kingdom
Area Served: World
All ages
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Private Practice Professionals and Commercial Businesses

Area Served: World
All ages
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14. E-Counseling, E-Therapy, Virtual Therapy, Distance Therapy

Online therapy (aka e-counseling, distance therapy) is  therapy delivered by a real person over the internet. 


Traditionally therapy has been face-to-face, but especially since the pandemic of 2020, most providers offer remote and virtual services such as video chat (through Facetime, Skype, Zoom, MS Teams, etc.).

Publicly Funded / Free Services

An international organization and community exploring and promoting Mental Health in the digital age. Members include students, teachers, researchers, clinical ... more
TX, United States
Area Served: World
All ages
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15. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)

Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a treatment reported as being helpful in various conditions such as anxiety, and trauma (such as post-traumatic stress disorder).

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR)
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16. Family, Marital, and Couple Therapy

A marriage, couple and family therapist specializes in helping concerns and problems in couple or family relationships. Marriage, couple and family therapy can be given by any professional that has sufficient training, which usually tends to be social workers, psychologists or psychiatrists.


Unlike traditional therapy where the therapist just meets with the individual, family counselling and therapy is where the therapist meets with the individual and one or more family members. The idea is that no matter what the difficulty is, others in the family are part of the solution and thus need to be involved in the therapy or treatment.

Publicly Funded / Free Services

Professional association for the field of marriage and family therapy, and provides certification for marriage and family therapists in the United States and ... more
112 South Alfred Street, Alexandria, VA, 22314-3061 Map
Area Served: World
All ages
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17. Group Therapy

Group therapy is a form of counselling/therapy, in which one or more therapists work with a small group of patients or clients in a group. Therapeutic benefits of group therapy include the interactions amongst group members, and having shared experiences with similar individuals.

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Group Therapy
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18. Hypnotherapy and Hypnosis

Hypnotherapy, which uses hypnosis to create a state of relaxation, which can thus be helpful in a variety of conditions, such as anxiety conditions (e.g. phobias).

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Hypnotherapy and Hypnosis
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19. Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT)

Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT) is a type of therapy that focuses on a person's relationships and connections with other people. Regardless of how a problem such as depression started, the problem is often maintained by ongoing stresses in a person's relationships. Improving and strengthening a person's relationships can thus be helpful, no matter what the difficulty.

Publicly Funded / Free Services

Society of professionals who are interested in Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT). Membership in the ISIPT is open to all individuals including ... more
Iowa City, IA Map
Area Served: World
All ages
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20. Medication Treatment

Medications may be helpful for certain mental health conditions. For some conditions, such as mild to moderate anxiety and depression, it is usually best to start with non-medication interventions such as lifestyle strategies and/or psychotherapy. However, if those interventions haven't worked, or if symptoms of anxiety or depression are moderate to severe, then medications could be helpful. For other conditions, such as schizophrenia and bipolar disorder, however,  medications play a much more important role in treatment. 

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Medication Treatment
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21. Mindfulness and Mindfulness Therapies

Therapies that include mindfulness, mindfulness meditation and mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MCBT) and mindfulness based stress reduction (MBSR).

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Mindfulness and Mindfulness Therapies
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22. Multisystemic Therapy (MST)

Multisystemic therapy (MST) is an intensive family- and community-based treatment program designed for children/youth who have serious behaviour problems, such as conduct disordered and antisocial behaviours.


Unlike many therapies which focus primarily on the child/youth (such as individual therapy), MST is 'multi-systemic' and focuses on various aspects of the person's life (such as home, school, community, and peer relations) to help the behaviour problems.

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Multisystemic Therapy (MST)
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23. Music Therapy

Music therapy is the use of music by an accredited music therapist to promote, maintain, and restore mental, physical, emotional, and spiritual health.

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Music Therapy
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24. Neurofeedback

Neurofeedback is a way of dealing with various brain conditions (such as ADHD, depression, anxiety) by teaching the person to control and self-regulate their brain.

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Neurofeedback
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25. Neuropsychological Assessment

Neuropsychological assessments (aka neuropsychological testing) is a type of testing done by a psychologist, in order to learn how a problem with your brain is affecting your ability to concentrate, remember things, reason and solve problems. 


Neuropsychological testing is may be recommended for individuals that may have a brain condition such as stroke, dementia, brain tumor, epilepsy, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or other conditions that may have affected the brain. 


Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Neuropsychological Assessment
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26. Play Therapy

Play therapy uses play to communicate with and help children. Play therapy is useful for children because they naturally express themselves for play, and because they may not be able to express themselves verbally (using their words) as would be required for other types of therapy such as "talk therapies." Play therapy can be delivered by any mental health professional that has received sufficient training in it.


In Canada, it is preferable (though not always possible) to have a professional who has official training approved by the Canadian Association for Child and Play Therapy.

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Play Therapy
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27. Psychedelic-Assisted Psychotherapy (PAP)

Psychedelic-assisted psychotherapy is using a psychedelic drug (such as psilocybin aka magic mushrooms, LSD, or others) in a controlled, supervised environment, as part of therapy for conditions such as addictions, anxiety and PTSD.

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Psychedelic-Assisted Psychotherapy (PAP)
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28. Psychoeducational Assessment

When an individual has learning problems, it can be very helpful to have a psychoeducational assessment performed by a psychologist. 


Ways to find a psychologist include:

  • Talk with the child's school regarding the possibility of seeing a psychologist that works with the schoolboard. This is paid for by the schoolboard, however there are often long waitlists. 
  • Agencies (such as psychology training programs with a university) that can offer free, or low-cost testing. 
  • Seeing a psychologist working in private practice, which is usually the quickest option.  In many cases, a family member's employee health plan may pay some of this expense.  

If you are having problems finding psychologists in this category, consider just looking directly under psychologists

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Psychoeducational Assessment
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29. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis

Psychodynamic psychotherapy and psychoanalysis helps the individual develop insight and understanding into their past, which hopefully may then translate into positive changes in the present. Most psychiatrists (and many psychologists) have psychodynamic training. Psychoanalysis is a more involved treatment, classically involving up to a few visits per week, for many years, and is delivered by trained 'psychoanalysts', who tend to be psychiatrists.

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Psychodynamic Psychotherapy and Psychoanalysis
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30. Solution-Focused Therapy (SFT)

Solution-focused therapy (SFT) focuses on empowering individuals to find solutions in their life by figuring out what a person's goals are, and supporting them to find ways to achieve those goals. Various types of professionals may have training in SFT, and may work in counselling agencies, or in private practice.

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Solution-Focused Therapy (SFT)
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31. Supportive Counselling

Supportive counselling/therapy uses a person's strengths and social supports to help them focus on coping with current, issues. The focus is on the present, as opposed to the past.


Most mental health professionals are trained in this approach.

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Supportive Counselling
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32. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)

Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a treatment for brain conditions (such as depression) that uses magnetic fields to improve symptoms. It involves placing an electromagnetic coil against your scalp near the forehead. It is painless, non-invasive, and can be useful when other treatments have not helped or as an alternative to medication.

Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)
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33. Other Types of Counselling and Therapy

This section is for types of counselling and therapy that do not fit under the other categories.
Unfortunately, there are no results for this heading. Other Types of Counselling and Therapy
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